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Sample Graph Essay Muet Stpm

How to tackle question 1:

A step-by-step guide

Step 1

          ·         Analyse  the task given

          ·         Study the stimulus and graphic aid. Types of stimuli are likely to be:

                  -          Single line graph

-          Double line graph

-          Bar graph (single double or triple bar graph

-          Pie chart

-          Table

-          Process

-          Short pieces of  task

Step 2

           ·         Focus on the task given

           ·         Jot down on point quickly

Step 3

            ·         Organize your point by numbering  them in logical sequence

            ·         Insert linkers/connectives

            ·         Your introduction should describe the broad/important trend (s)shown

            ·         Do not provide your opinion or the copy words from the stimulus.

            ·         Writing your report/article in full. Do not ask bullet points.

Interpretation and outline

Interpretations the bar chart (see interpretation and outline for one stimuli on page 175).

Interpretation the table. Compare and contrast the price of  both  the imported and local cars from the year  1980 to 2000

·         Title

Giver title of the essay

·         Controlling idea

State the main or controlling idea

·         Trend

State the trend

·         Analysis

Provide analysis of the data provided

·         Conclusion

Summarize main findings

Sample Essay

Different modes of commuter transport in Kuala Lumpur

The graph shows the different modes of commuter transport used in Kuala Lumpur 1980, 1990, and 2000.

            The tread indicates the  growing use of  cars  for commuting  to work between 1980 and  2000,and  the corresponding  decline in the popularity  of  buses from  being the most  popular  mode  of  transport  in  1980  to the least  popular  in  2000

            Train  commuter  numbers  rose  from just  under  20%  in  1980  to  about  27%  in 1990, but fell to  about  23%  in 2000 . motorcycle  use  has  bee relatively stable , falling from  around  27%  of  commuters  in  1980, to  22%  in  1990 , but  climbing back  to reach  25%  by 2000.  Car  use increased  steadily from  just  over  5%  in  1980  to  23%  in  1990 , reaching almost  40%  by  2000  as  prices of  imported  and  local  car  dropped  significantly . this  price drop caused  an  increase  in car  ownership, and  caused  the  popularity  of  buses  to  drop from  just  under  35%  in  1980 to  27%  in  1990 and  15%  in 2000.

            There is a  clear correlation  between  the  growing  use  of  cars  and  the  decline in popularity of  buses.  The use  of  cars  has  had  the  strongest  on  the  public  transporting  system .

Rose (to)

Increased  (to)

Went up (to)

Climbed (to)

boomed

A rise

An  increase

Growth

An upward trend

A boom  (a dramatic rise)

Fell(to)                

Declined(to)

Decreased(to)

Dipped(to)

Dipped (to)

Dropped (to)

Went down(to)

Slumped(to)

Reduced(to)

A decrease

A decline

A  fall

A drop

A slump

A reduction

Leveled out  (at)

Did not change (at)

Remained steady  (at)

Stayed constant  (at)

Maintained the same  level

A leveling out

No change

Fluctuated (around)

Peaked (at)

Stood  at  (we use this phrase to focus on  a  particular  point , before  we mention  the  movement , for  example in  the movement  for  year  ,

Unemployment stood at…..)

A fluctuation reached a (of) reached at.

   

Describing the degree of change

     ADJECTIVES

           ADVERBS

Dramatic

Dramatically 

Enormous

Enormously

Steep

Steeply

Substantial

Substantially

considerable

considerably

       Adjectives

            Adverbs

Significant

Significantly

Moderate

Moderately

Slight

Slightly

Minimal

Minimally

Describing the speed of change

       Adjectives

       Adverbs

Rapid

Rapidly

Quick

Quickly

Swift

Swiftly

Sadden

Suddenly

        Adjectives

        Adverbs

Steady

Steadily

Gradual

Gradually

Slow

Slowly

Useful adjectives to compare and contrast

       Positive

      Comparative

      Superlative

Cheap

Cheaper

Cheapest

Large

Larger

Largest

Good

Better

Best

Bad

Worse

Worst

Striking

More striking

Most striking

Profitable

More profitable

Most profitable

Describing one part of the chart /graph.

Starting with the adjective

The highest

The greatest

The lowest

The most significant

The smallest

The largest

Percentage of

Proportion of

Number of

Men

Cars sold

Holiday makers

Are employed in the executive category.

Are blue

Come from Sabah

Starting with the subject

Red is the professional is the Mexico is the

More

Far more

Much more

Many more

A lot more

Substantially more

Considerably more

Significantly more

Slightly more fractionally more

Most

second /third

most

least 

men

holiday makers

Popular

Most prevalent

Common

Are employed in the manufacturing sector

Come from Mexico

Car colour.

Employment category

Holiday destination

Than…

Starting with the subject

Blue cars are

Men are

Kajang is

As

quite as

just as

nearly as

almost as

not as   

Common

 Popular

prevalent

As

More

Much more

Far more

Substantially more

REPORT WRITING MUET 800/4 QUESTION 1

TIPS:
1. WRITE THE TITLE AND UNDERLINE
2. WRITE IN 3 PARAGRAPHS (MINIMUM, BODY CAN BE MORE THAN 1 PARA)
3. 1ST SENTENCE WRITE THE TYPES OF GRAPHS/DIAGRAMS/HEADLINES ETC.
4. 2ND SENTENCE WRITE THE MOST OUTSTANDING POINT
5. BODY - WRITE ONLY INFORMATION THAT IS OUTSTANDING (KEY FEATURES, NOT FEATURES.. FEATURES JUST MEANS EVERY SINGLE POINT, YOU NEED TO BE SELECTIVE IN CHOOSING THE MOST IMPORTANT ONES ONLY)
6. CONCLUSION IS JUST ONE SINGLE SENTENCE AS SUMMARY.
7. ALL WORDS AFTER 200 IS NOT CHECK/READ/EXAMINED. EXAMINERS WILL NOT READ AFTER THAT SO STICK TO THE WORD LIMIT.
8. TRY TO LINK ALL THE INFO AND EXPLAIN IT IN A SIMPLE BUT EFFECTIVE WAY.
9. TITLES ARE CONSIDERED 1 WORD (BUT I COULD BE WRONG)
10. GOOD LUCK, AND ALWAYS ANSWER THE ESSAY QUESTION FIRST BEFORE TRYING TO WRITE THIS REPORT.



SAMPLE 1:

The Various Types of Cooking Oil Used in the Kitchen

The stimuli present a line graph on 'Global production of cooking oil (2000-2006)', a bar graph on 'Fat content in commonly-used cooking oils' and an article excerpt on the healthiness of oils. In general, palm oil is the most produced oil while the least produced but healthiest option is sunflower oil.

According to the line graph, the highest world oil production is palm oil increasing steadily from 25 million tonnes in 2000/01 to 35.5 million in 2005/06, beating soya oil by a small margin. Among the 5 types of oil, sunflower has the lowest production stabilising at just under 10 million tonnes from 2000 to 2006. Based on the bar graph, the healthiest oil is sunflower because it contains the second lowest fat (12%) content and the highest healthy polyunsaturated fat (71%). This is followed by other healthy oils with lower fat like canola (7%), olive (15%) and soya (16%). The unhealthy oils are very high in fat and very low in polyunsaturated fat such as palm oil (51%) and coconut oil (91%). The article states that we cannot be sure about how healthy the oils we eat are because it may contain too much trans fats leading to heart diseases and cancer.

In conclusion, coconut and palm oil should be avoided because fo the high fat content while the healthiest oils are sunflower, canola, olive and soya.



SAMPLE 2:


Crimes Involving Foreign Workers in Malaysia

The stimuli show a line graph on 'Number of crime cases involving foreign workers (2006-2008)', a bar graph on 'Types of crime committed by foreign workers (2006-2008)' and a newspaper headline on 'Overworked and Underpaid foreign workers'. In general, the number of crimes are increasing steadily from 2006 to 2008 especially petty crimes like robbery and snatch theft by underpaid foreign workers.

According the the line graph, every year the number of crimes increases by about 200 cases which is 1535 in 2006, 1780 in 2007 to 1926 in 2008). These crimes can be divided into petty crimes including robbery and snatch thef and hardcore crimes like rape and murder. Based on the bar graph, the highest incidence of crime is robbery that rose from 65 in 2006 to 75 cases in 2008. This is followed by snatch thefts from 15 in 2006 to 18 cases in 2008. Conversely, rape and murder cases have reduced drastically by 50% or more from 2006 to 2008. The reasons given for the increase of crimes in the headline are that foreign workers are unhappy with their meagre incomes which result in them being overworked and underpaid.

In c onclusion, foreign workers are committing more petty crimes like robbery and snatch theft because they are overworked and underpaid.

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