A step-by-step guide
· Analyse the task given
· Study the stimulus and graphic aid. Types of stimuli are likely to be:
- Single line graph
- Double line graph
- Bar graph (single double or triple bar graph
- Pie chart
- Short pieces of task
· Focus on the task given
· Jot down on point quickly
· Organize your point by numbering them in logical sequence
· Insert linkers/connectives
· Your introduction should describe the broad/important trend (s)shown
· Do not provide your opinion or the copy words from the stimulus.
· Writing your report/article in full. Do not ask bullet points.
Interpretation and outline
Interpretations the bar chart (see interpretation and outline for one stimuli on page 175).
Interpretation the table. Compare and contrast the price of both the imported and local cars from the year 1980 to 2000
Giver title of the essay
· Controlling idea
State the main or controlling idea
State the trend
Provide analysis of the data provided
Summarize main findings
Different modes of commuter transport in Kuala Lumpur
The graph shows the different modes of commuter transport used in Kuala Lumpur 1980, 1990, and 2000.
The tread indicates the growing use of cars for commuting to work between 1980 and 2000,and the corresponding decline in the popularity of buses from being the most popular mode of transport in 1980 to the least popular in 2000
Train commuter numbers rose from just under 20% in 1980 to about 27% in 1990, but fell to about 23% in 2000 . motorcycle use has bee relatively stable , falling from around 27% of commuters in 1980, to 22% in 1990 , but climbing back to reach 25% by 2000. Car use increased steadily from just over 5% in 1980 to 23% in 1990 , reaching almost 40% by 2000 as prices of imported and local car dropped significantly . this price drop caused an increase in car ownership, and caused the popularity of buses to drop from just under 35% in 1980 to 27% in 1990 and 15% in 2000.
There is a clear correlation between the growing use of cars and the decline in popularity of buses. The use of cars has had the strongest on the public transporting system .
Went up (to)
An upward trend
A boom (a dramatic rise)
Leveled out (at)
Did not change (at)
Remained steady (at)
Stayed constant (at)
Maintained the same level
A leveling out
Stood at (we use this phrase to focus on a particular point , before we mention the movement , for example in the movement for year ,
Unemployment stood at…..)
A fluctuation reached a (of) reached at.
Describing the degree of change
Describing the speed of change
Useful adjectives to compare and contrast
Describing one part of the chart /graph.
Starting with the adjective
The most significant
Are employed in the executive category.
Come from Sabah
Starting with the subject
Red is the professional is the Mexico is the
A lot more
Slightly more fractionally more
Are employed in the manufacturing sector
Come from Mexico
Starting with the subject
Blue cars are
REPORT WRITING MUET 800/4 QUESTION 1
1. WRITE THE TITLE AND UNDERLINE
2. WRITE IN 3 PARAGRAPHS (MINIMUM, BODY CAN BE MORE THAN 1 PARA)
3. 1ST SENTENCE WRITE THE TYPES OF GRAPHS/DIAGRAMS/HEADLINES ETC.
4. 2ND SENTENCE WRITE THE MOST OUTSTANDING POINT
5. BODY - WRITE ONLY INFORMATION THAT IS OUTSTANDING (KEY FEATURES, NOT FEATURES.. FEATURES JUST MEANS EVERY SINGLE POINT, YOU NEED TO BE SELECTIVE IN CHOOSING THE MOST IMPORTANT ONES ONLY)
6. CONCLUSION IS JUST ONE SINGLE SENTENCE AS SUMMARY.
7. ALL WORDS AFTER 200 IS NOT CHECK/READ/EXAMINED. EXAMINERS WILL NOT READ AFTER THAT SO STICK TO THE WORD LIMIT.
8. TRY TO LINK ALL THE INFO AND EXPLAIN IT IN A SIMPLE BUT EFFECTIVE WAY.
9. TITLES ARE CONSIDERED 1 WORD (BUT I COULD BE WRONG)
10. GOOD LUCK, AND ALWAYS ANSWER THE ESSAY QUESTION FIRST BEFORE TRYING TO WRITE THIS REPORT.
The Various Types of Cooking Oil Used in the Kitchen
The stimuli present a line graph on 'Global production of cooking oil (2000-2006)', a bar graph on 'Fat content in commonly-used cooking oils' and an article excerpt on the healthiness of oils. In general, palm oil is the most produced oil while the least produced but healthiest option is sunflower oil.
According to the line graph, the highest world oil production is palm oil increasing steadily from 25 million tonnes in 2000/01 to 35.5 million in 2005/06, beating soya oil by a small margin. Among the 5 types of oil, sunflower has the lowest production stabilising at just under 10 million tonnes from 2000 to 2006. Based on the bar graph, the healthiest oil is sunflower because it contains the second lowest fat (12%) content and the highest healthy polyunsaturated fat (71%). This is followed by other healthy oils with lower fat like canola (7%), olive (15%) and soya (16%). The unhealthy oils are very high in fat and very low in polyunsaturated fat such as palm oil (51%) and coconut oil (91%). The article states that we cannot be sure about how healthy the oils we eat are because it may contain too much trans fats leading to heart diseases and cancer.
In conclusion, coconut and palm oil should be avoided because fo the high fat content while the healthiest oils are sunflower, canola, olive and soya.
Crimes Involving Foreign Workers in Malaysia
The stimuli show a line graph on 'Number of crime cases involving foreign workers (2006-2008)', a bar graph on 'Types of crime committed by foreign workers (2006-2008)' and a newspaper headline on 'Overworked and Underpaid foreign workers'. In general, the number of crimes are increasing steadily from 2006 to 2008 especially petty crimes like robbery and snatch theft by underpaid foreign workers.
According the the line graph, every year the number of crimes increases by about 200 cases which is 1535 in 2006, 1780 in 2007 to 1926 in 2008). These crimes can be divided into petty crimes including robbery and snatch thef and hardcore crimes like rape and murder. Based on the bar graph, the highest incidence of crime is robbery that rose from 65 in 2006 to 75 cases in 2008. This is followed by snatch thefts from 15 in 2006 to 18 cases in 2008. Conversely, rape and murder cases have reduced drastically by 50% or more from 2006 to 2008. The reasons given for the increase of crimes in the headline are that foreign workers are unhappy with their meagre incomes which result in them being overworked and underpaid.
In c onclusion, foreign workers are committing more petty crimes like robbery and snatch theft because they are overworked and underpaid.